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Nickel Charge State Distribution
by FLYCHK NLTE Kinetics Calculation at NIST
Average Charge States Z
Click the figure for interactive plot

Radiative Power Loss Rates
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Charge State Distribution
Click the density for interactive plot.
In the plot, Charge State 0 refers to neutral atom.
Rate coefficients for ionization balance at coronal equilibrium
FLYCHK rate coefficients [cm^{3}/s] of direct collisional ionization(ci), excitation autoionization(ea), radiative recombination(rr) and dielectronic recombination rates(dr) of each ion are calculated as a function of temperature[eV] for plasma modeling applications. The radiative cooling coefficients per charge state per electron density [eVcm^{3}/s] for each ion are also listed for line radiation (bb) and recombination radiation (bf). For a radiative cooling rate, one should multiply by electron density[cm^{3}] and the density of the charge state[cm^{3}].
Read the Rate Coefficients Table. Note that all caclulations are done at N_{e}=1cm^{3}. For more information,
please check the section on "About FLYCHK rate coefficients".
References
If you publish results using these rates, please refer to the article of
FLYCHK: Generalized population kinetics and spectral model for rapid spectroscopic analysis for all elements, H.K. Chung, M.H. Chen, W.L. Morgan, Y. Ralchenko and R.W. Lee, High Energy Density Physics, Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2005, Pages 312